Successfully completed by GPM Architects & Planners, the Mohammadpur GPRA Redevelopment project in New Delhi is a sustainable redevelopment model for inclusive and affordable housing. It is an initiative by the Government of India to provide well-planned affordable homes as part of the futuristic vision for Delhi’s urban fabric.

Fact File

Client: Ahluwalia Contracts India
Location: New Delhi
Site Area: 8.9 acres
Built-up area: 12.5 lakh sq.ft.
Project Status: Completed

India’s journey towards being the world’s most populated country has been paralleled by a tremendous strain on available land and amenities in metropolitan cities. This has given rise to haphazard urban sprawls, decreased quality of living, increased real estate costs, and a need for heedful urban redevelopment.

GPM Architects & Planners

Urban infrastructure development, such as affordable housing and water supply, has not kept pace with the current growth in urbanisation, resulting in delayed service of deliverables and poor urban, public and health environments. The expansion of cities that urban population growth entails cannot be contained merely by a horizontal expansion of cities; instead, it must make adequate room to accommodate it in more innovative, more inclusive, and sustainable models. In this context, redeveloping under-utilised central urban areas is a step in that direction, which needs to be seen with a fresher perspective as a model for urban development.

The process involves demolishing and renovating old structures where earlier space inhabitants need to be temporarily relocated in an ideal situation. The goal is to transform low-density areas into high-density mixed-use development with adequate infrastructure to cater to the new inhabitants. The major challenge regarding the planning is to design a new user-effective space that efficiently deals with the persisting problems and meets future needs.

GPM Architects & Planners
An overall involvement of greenery in the housing complex, along with sustainable interventions at the planning and construction stages was the design intent; it not only benefits the health and lifestyle of the residents but also positively impacts the urban fabric.

Mitu Mathur, Director, GPM

Today, urban interventions must address key environmental, economic, and social challenges, including climate change and access to affordable housing. The priority is, therefore, to develop a sustainable-redevelopment model and promote it evenly for inclusive city development all over India.

Taking a step in this direction, the Central Government of India has undertaken the redevelopment of 7 GPRA colonies in Delhi under the General Pool Residential Accommodation (GPRA) scheme. Inaugurated by Shri Narendra Modi, the honourable Prime Minister of India, the Mohammadpur GPRA redevelopment project is an attempt to provide a new well-planned affordable homes as a part of the futuristic vision for Delhi’s urban fabric.

GPM Architects & Planners
Located in the Mohammadpur area of South Delhi, the compounded housing society with 708 (380 Type-II and 328 Type-III) flats with engaging amenities and ample green spaces is a haven for local communities who have lived here for generations.

Located centrally within the city, the site is well-connected with transit facilities and public spaces, making necessary amenities easily accessible and reducing unnecessary transportation costs for resident families.

The masterplan, spread across 8.9 acres, is developed in a linear form with a central green spine enclosed by the eight G+11 residential towers with individual green spaces between them. Designed to be open and spacious, the central common park comprises activity and play areas for children, gazebos, seating areas, and a peripheral walkway/jogging track to accentuate and promote a healthier lifestyle.

The housing complex encourages community involvement and commerce with the G+4 Commercial and Community centre for the residents, in the northeast corner of the site, along with a small temple complex towards the southeast. The commercial centre’s proximity to the residences is a huge economic advantage for the homeowners.

Conceptualised to spread out like wings from the central green spine, each tower has open green spaces. The idea is to centralise the common green spaces, spreading the eight towers around this central core to achieve maximum natural light and wind ventilation for all units. The 708 units/flats are distributed to roughly six flats per floor with private micro-green spaces. Both the Type-II and Type-III flats comprise a living room with a dining area and balcony, a kitchen with a utility area, two bedrooms and one attached, and one common bathroom.

GPM Architects & Planners

Structurally, the entire project is constructed in RCC monolithic construction with aluminium formwork and a combination of raft and pile foundation. The complex is designed around the existing trees, incorporating them within the green spaces and adding interactive elements such as seating around it, giving a strong message of environmental consciousness. Promoting green practices such as recycling and waste management, construction demolition waste such as curb stones, cement concrete tiles, paver blocks, sand, and aggregates have been re-used in the project. The towers have also used environment-friendly fly ash and ACC blocks with RO-treated STP water and curing compounds to cure all RCC. The use of low VOC and sun-reflecting paint, along with optimised orientation for natural ventilation, is an excellent passive design technique used to moderate indoor temperature and lower HVAC energy consumption.

Meticulously designed to tackle the changing infrastructure and population growth and provide residents with a healthier and better lifestyle, the Mohammadpur Redevelopment embodies the Central Government’s vision for the future of urban cities in India.